Chapter 3 Analysis
Institution of Learning
Chapter 3: Alcohol and Other Drugs
The third chapter deals with the problem of the use of alcohol and other drugs. The authors provide a broad perspective on the issue, by painting the global picture on drug use and then focussing on the Canadian scene. The authors define drug abuse as a situation that occurs when the users of drugs go above the socially acceptable levels of drug use while chemical dependency which is defined as a state where drug users enter a stage of compulsive drug use.
The following statistics on Canadian drug use stand out:
- Canadians mostly abuse marijuana and heroine
- Heroin addiction is a serious problem with close to 100000 Canadians addicted to the drug
- Canada and the US are among the world biggest consumers of opioids.
The best theory to explain drug use is the Structural-Functionalist Perspective; where substance abuse arises due to the weaknesses in the norms that govern the society. The Structural-Functionalist Perspective argues that the increase in the complexity of society results in the change in the norms and the values of the society.When this persists, a state of normlessness occurs, which is referred to as anomie. The primary players on the issue of drug include the real drug users, their families, the government whether from a municipal, provincial or federal level and corporate organizations
According to the authors, the efforts undertaken by the federal government represent the politically oriented actions to deal with the problem. The government has instituted the Controlled Drug and Substances Act (CDSA), which seeks to control the use of narcotics and other drugs. Canada is also moving towards the adoption of a medical model when it comes to drug use. This model makes an attempt to identify and license specialists entrusted with the job of supplying drugs to addicts. The authors identify five broad categories of the consequences of drug use. These include the family consequenses, crime and violence, economic costs, physical and mental health costs and the cost of drug use on the environment.
Canadian Drug Policy Coalition. (n.d). We are working to transform our approach to alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs. Retrieved October 21, 2016, from drugpolicy.ca: http://drugpolicy.ca/about/overview/
Holmes, M., Mooney , L., Knox , D., & Schacht, C. (2016). Understanding Social Problems, Fifth Canadian Edition. Nelson Education .