Drugs known as Club Drugs include MDMA and Flunitrazepan. MDMA is better known by its street name, Ecstasy. It can be swallowed, snorted, or injected. The drug produces mild hallucinogenic effects, depression, hyperthermia, can be addictive, can also shut down the user’s kidneys. Flunitrazepan is often called Mexican valium. It can be injected, and is known to cause drowsiness, headache, nausea, anxiety, arrested breathing (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Dissociative Drugs include Ketamine and PCP. Ketamine is often known as Special K, but is actually a form of valium used on felines in veterinary offices. When injected, snorted, or smoked, it impairs motor function, causes anxiety and depression, and can impair memory. PCP is popularly known as angel dust and often causes the user to act erratically after using it. Known for providing so-called “super strength” to the user, they are typically approached with caution. PCP also impairs memory, can be addictive, causes delirium and is easy to overdose on (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Of depressants, alcohol is one of the most widely used. It is found in liquor, beer, and wine, and is only available to swallow. It is not something one has to take on a schedule, but because it is addictive the psychological and physical reactions to it may place the body on an unspoken schedule. It is the only mentioned drug that is legal. After use, it releases endorphins, lowers ones inhibitions, causes depression, decreases motor function, and increases drowsiness (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Marijuana and Hashish are a part of the Cannabinoid family. Marijuana is often better known by its many street names, including pot, blunt, and Mary Jane. It contains THC and CBD, both of which have medicinal properties. Marijuana can be smoked or swallowed when baked into food. The drug allows for relaxations and a feeling of euphoria, often increasing appetite, causing drowsiness, and releasing feelings of tension. It also impairs balance and sensory perception. Hashish is known popularly as Boom or Hemp, and can also be smoked or swallowed in the same fashion. Unlike marijuana, hashish is addictive. It causes a decline in mental health, give the user anxiety and panic attacks, and can exacerbate depression (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Heroin and Opium, both made from the poppy flower, are Opioids. Heroin is better known as smack, horse, or dope among users. It can be injected, smoked, and snorted. Once used, the drug causes the user to feel intense euphoria, impaired coordination, and arrested breathing. Many users sometimes share needles which can lead to the spread of HIV, AIDS, and Hepatitis C. The exhilaration felt upon first using heroin is the best the drug will ever make a user feel, often leading to so many overdoses. It is known as chasing the high, wherein addicts continue using often and more in an attempt to reclaim the original feelings of euphoria. Opium is better known as Big O, Black Gum, or Hop and can also be snorted, smoked, or injected. It causes many negative side effects, such as high blood pressure and body temperature, irritability, anxiety, convulsions, and addiction (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Cocaine is the best known and most popular stimulant. Often called Blow, coke, or snow among users, it is a popular drug of choice. It can be snorted, smoked, or injected. Once used, cocaine causes intense feelings of exhilaration and happiness, erratic behavior, an increased metabolism, inability to concentrate, anxiety, and can lead to violent tremors with steady use or overuse (Mooney, Knox & Schacht, 2014).
Mooney, L. A., Knox, D., & Schacht, C. (2014). Understanding social problems. Nelson Education.